SOCRATES

The Southern Ocean is the stormiest place on Earth, churned by winds and waves that circle the ice of Antarctica. This remote and usually pristine environment is typically removed from human-caused and naturally produced continental airborne particles. For this reason, the region is a unique laboratory for studying the interactions between clouds and particles naturally produced by the ocean, such as sea salt and biogenic particles. We were part of a team of atmospheric scientists based in Hobart, Tasmania for six weeks to collect cloud, aerosol and precipitation data over the Southern Ocean during a research project called the Southern Ocean Clouds, Radiation, Aerosol Transport Experimental Study (SOCRATES).

Publications:

  • Rauber, R. M., H. Hu, Dominguez, F., S. W. Nesbitt, Greg M. McFarquhar., T.Zaremba, and J. A. Finlon, 2019: Structure of an Atmospheric River over Australia and the Southern Ocean. Part I: Tropical and Mid-Latitude Water Vapor Fluxes as a Seeder-Feeder Process. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmospheres., in review
  • Finlon, R. M. Rauber, ,W. Wu, T. J. Zaremba, G. M. McFarquhar, S. W. Nesbitt, M. Schnaiter, E. Järvinen, F. Waitz 2019: Structure of an Atmospheric River over Australia and the Southern Ocean. Part II: Microphysical Evolution of the Seeder-Feeder Process. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmospheres., in review.
  • Wang, Y, G. M. McFarquhar, R. M. Rauber, C. Zhao, W. Wu, D. M. Stechman, J. A. Finlon, J. Stith, M. Schnaiter, E. Järvinen, J. Jensen, J. Vivekanandan, and M, Dixon, 2019: Microphysical Properties of Generating Cells over the Southern Ocean: Results from SOCRATES. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmospheres., accepted with minor revisions.
  • McFarquhar, G.M., C. Bretherton, R. M. Rauber et al: SOAR (Southern Ocean Atmosphere Research). Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., in preparation